Synthetic Turf Specialist

A brief history of Artificial Turf

By admin on August 28, 2014

The new generation of sports turfs provide a superb surface for playing sport on.

For each sport, there is a technically advanced sports surface that has been designed to give a consistent performance for that particular sport. These sports systems have streaked ahead of the first generation of sports turfs.

The synthetic turf we enjoy today has been reinvented during the last decade. The first artificial sports turf was used in the Houston Astrodome, a fully enclosed stadium completed in 1965; an engineering masterpiece perhaps, but not so great for the grass turf, which resented the lack of sunlight, turned yellow, and died.

Artificial turf was the hi-tech solution to the problem of finding an alternative to natural grass. It looked good, but the players didn’t enjoy it so much. Injuries soon increased, and the artificial grass was disliked for the burns it inflicted on those players who stretched a point and hit the turf.  Ball-bounce off the artificial grass was unpredictable too, so there were a few obstacles to be overcome before we could be well served by the specialised sports turfs of recent times.

As with any great idea, from sketchy beginnings, improvements created demand and demand drove improvements. 

1966: Artificial turf was first used in Major League Baseball in the Houston Astrodome

1969: Franklin Field, the gridiron stadium of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, switched from grass to artificial turf. Also home of the Philadelphia Eagles, it was the first National Football League stadium to use artificial turf.

Early 1970s:   Synthetic grass fields began to be used for hockey

1976: Hockey Olympic Games on this surface being held at the Montreal Summer Olympics.

Late 70's:   Further improvements to the field design were being made, but the original design remained essentially the same.

Early 2000’s:  New artificial playing surfaces using sand and/or rubber infill were developed.

2001: FIFA launches its FIFA Quality Concept for Synthetic fields

2005–06:   UEFA announced that approved artificial surfaces were permitted in their competitions

2007–08:   Full international fixture for the  European Championships played an artificial surface at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.   It was one of the first full international games to be played on such a surface approved by both FIFA and UEFA.

2013:   FIFA supports synthetic grass systems in international matches.

Revolutionary technical advances in the materials used for sports surfacing systems led to the production of softer, non-abrasive synthetic grass blades, which were then manufactured with high-performance backing materials. Yarn manufacturers such as Royal TenCate poured resources into producing sports turfs designed to meet the specific needs of each of the major sports.

Sports can now be played at speed, with less risk to players and much lower rates of injury than were incurred on the original artificial turfs. The new generation sports turfs have spawned a new generation of sportsmen and sportswomen, who can safely stretch a point and win games.

How can we help?

TigerTurf manufactures and installs high quality products for a range of sports, leisure and landscape applications.

We are committed to providing expert knowledge and advice on synthetic turf products and systems, along with exceptional customer service before, during and after your purchase.